15.0 International Transfer of Canadian Technology
15.8 Hong Kong
15.15 South Pacific
15.17 Visiting Foreign Delegations to the ETC
The ETC provided technical support to Natural Resources Canada for a program funded by
the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) to support the implementation of natural
gas into Bangladesh's transportation industry. Working with RPGCL, an institution under
the Bangladesh Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, the ETC provided technical
assistance to Canadian industry during conversions and emissions verifications of
autorickshaws in Dhaka. In addition, the ETC provided laboratory training on emissions
testing equipment for two groups of engineers and technicians to enhance the Government
of Bangladesh's capacity to effectively fulfil its mandate with regard to compressed
The ETC provided on-site technical advice to Petrobras, Brazil on a laboratory project
designed to estimate oil penetration, retention, persistence, and natural removal rates
on sand beaches. The experimental approach is almost identical to that developed and
used by Environment Canada in similar investigations in 1995 on coarse sediment beaches.
The ETC provided several lectures on oil spills to researchers and oil company officials
in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Nankai University, jointly with McGill University, the Chinese Research Academy of Environmental
Sciences (CRAES - part of China's National Environmental Protection Agency), and the Environmental
Technology Centre (ETC) of Environment Canada were holders of a grant under the CIDA Canada-China
Higher Education Program (CCHEP). Valued at over $2 M over a 5-year period, this project aimed
at transferring to China "clean processing technologies", while ensuring simultaneous training
of highly specialised personnel. By the end of the project in 2001, Nankai University (Tianjin)
was in a position to offer a degree in Microwave-Assisted Processing - a premiere worldwide.
More than 15 Chinese nationals were trained in Canada for periods of 3 months to 4 years.
Nankai currently hosts unique features in terms of instrumentation for laboratory-scale applications
of Green Chemistry. CRAES, on the other hand, holds complementary processing equipment at the
pilot-scale for industrial processing demonstration.
As part of this program, Environment Canada, with its Canadian (McGill) and Chinese (Nankai and
CRAES) Partners, held the first International Symposium on Microwave Chemistry in June 2000,
with the theme: "Microwave 2000: Sustainable Technologies for the New Millennium". The
symposium was held in Tianjin and was the first meeting of that importance to be held worldwide.
With the development of this MAP Centre of Excellence between Canada and China, the former has
recognised EC's efforts and contribution to China's technological development and honours have
been bestowed upon MAP's personnel. Professor J. R. Jocelyn Paré, Chief of the Microwave-Assisted
Processes Division at ETC, was named Visiting Professor by Nankai University, with full teaching
privileges and rights in recognition of his contribution to the development of Nankai's capacity.
Similarly, the Kunming University of Science and Technology bestowed upon him the title of
Honorary Professor for his contribution to China's development in the area of microwave chemistry
In a program to strengthen Colombia's capacity to develop its own national fuels, the ETC
has been providing training and technology transfer under an MOU with the Instituto
Colombiano de Petroleo (ICP) ECOPETROL, the research centre for Colombia's petroleum
producer. During the period 1999-2001, the ETC provided training and support for the
measurement of exhaust emissions from a small fleet of urban buses operating in Bogota,
and provided training and technology transfer for the sampling and analysis of volatile
organic compounds, carbonyl compounds, and polycyclic and nitrated polycyclic aromatic
The ETC developed a series of 5 lecture courses covering various aspects of oil spill
behaviour, modelling, and cleanup. These were delivered to a variety of government and
industry personnel in Cartegena.
As part of its technology transfer activities, the MAP Division hosted visiting
scientists and students from Venezuela and Colombia during the period 2000-2002.
Two graduate students from the Universidad Central de Venezuela in Caracas were
on site at ETC for six months. As part of a joint project agreement, these students
developed knowledge and expertise in the MAP family of technologies and participated
in replication of the TEAM-led project that was also the basis of this collaboration.
Cocoa was the feedstock of interest for this specific case.
During the same period, a visiting scientist from Cenipalma, Colombia's national
association of palm oil producers, worked with the MAP Division staff to assess the
MAP liquid-phase extraction technology for eventual use in palm oil production for
and which may be implemented in the industrial sector in Colombia. This work also
involved replication, at the international level, of the TEAM-sponsored MAP project
involving canola oil. This scientist was also sponsored by the IICA (Inter-American
Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture).
Another scientist from the Universidad Industrial de Santander in Bucaramanga pursued
research interests in MAP by monitoring non-conventional thermodynamics effects involved
when performing selected microwave-assisted chemical reactions, and a professor from the
School of Chemical Engineering at the Universidad del Atlantico in Baranquilla furthered
his knowledge and expertise in the MAP technologies by assessing the potential use of
microwaves in distillation. The latter is an important step associated with the industrial
extraction of edible oils - a project carried out by the MAP Division under the Climate
Change Action Fond-TEAM program.
In support of a program managed by Industry Canada with the government of Egypt, the
ETC conducted emissions testing on a new Jawa motorcycle before and after it was
converted by a Canadian company to operate on natural gas. The testing was conducted
to determine the potential impact of converting this common form of Egyptian
transportation on the air quality of urban centres.
La Société SAIREM, a licensee based in Lyon, France, exchanged personnel and know-how over
the past two years to formalise final technical details on some new microwave apparatus
and devices developed by the MAP Division. These novel tools are part of the overall innovation
plan for the MAP family of technologies. For example, one of the devices was used in the
MAP project supported by the Climate Change Technology Early Action Measures (CC-TEAM) to
substitute hexane for a liquefied gas, such as butane, in the industrial processing of
oilseeds. SAIREM also commissioned microwave cavities that were used to optimise energy
application and potentially further reduce greenhouse gas emissions during the processing
stage of edible oil manufacturing. Other devices were used in PERD-funded projects to
develop clean, solvent-free alternatives for chemical synthesis. The latter equipment
can also be used in research on other applications of microwaves.
15.8 Hong Kong
A scientist from the Analysis and Air Quality Division (AAQD) provided advice, training,
inter-laboratory comparison, and calibration standards for VOC analysis to the Hong Kong
Government Laboratory. At the laboratory's request, visits were made to the facility for
on-site training and equipment setup in February 1998 and in April 2000. Chemists from
the Hong Kong Government visited the ETC in 1998 and again in 2001 to receive training
at the Air Toxics Laboratory.
As part of an institutional strengthening project funded by the Canadian International
Development Agency (CIDA), four scientists sponsored by the Central Pollution Control
Board of India visited the ETC in May 2001. They received training in measurement and
sampling techniques to improve air quality networks and learned about analytical
techniques to measure volatile and toxic organic compounds. As part of this project,
two ETC scientists visited India in February 2002. They conducted a review of the
Indian air-monitoring program to identify further training needs for Indian scientists.
They visited air quality measuring stations in Delhi, Kanpoor, Nagpur, Bangalore,
Shimadzu Corp. holds certain licensed rights to manufacture and market equipment worldwide
using a patented gas-phase MAPTM extraction technology. During the period 2000-02, various
meetings, workshops, and training sessions were held in Kyoto between MAP Division personnel
and Shimadzu's staff and clients. Shimadzu is using MAP to develop new equipment for
solventless determination of volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds in solid and
water samples. This agreement will make solventless determination readily available to
any analytical laboratory around the world. Methods using the technology will protect
the environment by eliminating the use of toxic solvents and reducing the amount of
energy required to analyse samples. The Shimadzu Corp. agreement was the seventh licence
agreement granted by Environment Canada with respect to rights associated with MAPTM.
Shimadzu's goal is to market related equipment in the near future.
At the request of the Malaysia government, a senior Malaysian chemist received 5 weeks of
training in chemical analysis in the fall of 2001. Ms. Wong learned advanced methods and
skills in analysis of toxic organic pollutants, including dioxins/furans, dioxin-like PCBs,
and nitro-PAH using the AAQD high-resolution mass spectrometer.
Cooperative research into inorganic analytical methods continued with the Netherlands Institute
for the Environment and Public Health (RIVM). As part of a joint project, research and development
work started on the application of capillary electrophoresis for the chemical speciation
(fractionation) of trace metals in airborne ambient particulate matter in order to obtain
information on their origin, mode of occurrence, bioavailability, and potential impact on
The ETC coordinated and delivered a CIDA-funded training program for four visiting delegates
from the Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (PEPA) from February 3 to February 15, 2002,
to build specific skills related to environmental analysis, laboratory accreditation, and
proficiency testing programs. Technical training was provided by staff at three EC laboratories
including the ETC, the Wastewater Technology Centre and the National Laboratory for Environmental
Testing, as well as at Ontario Region's Inspection and Enforcement section. The training
program consisted of tours of each of the facilities and information sessions and demonstrations
of current technology, procedures, and processes. Topics included ambient air monitoring, mobile
and stationary source emissions measurement, environmental laboratory accreditation, proficiency
testing programs and sample preparation, chain of custody, expert witness, inspections and legal
sampling, and analysis and wastewater treatment technology. The training also included tours of
the Ashbridges Bay Treatment Plant in the City of Toronto, one of the largest complete wastewater
treatment plants in Canada, and a private sector laboratory, Maxxum Analytics, as well as a
one-day training session on proficiency testing programs hosted by the Canadian Association
for Environmental Analytical Laboratories (CAEAL).
The TEAM/CIDA funded program to demonstrate the viability of converting autorickshaws to natural
gas operation in three cities in Pakistan was completed in 2001/2002 and a final report was p
repared. The collaborative program, with partners in Pakistan including the Pakistan Environmental
Protection Agency (PEPA) and Canadian industry, resulted in the implementation of a natural
gas dispensing service and the establishment of a new industry to convert and service natural
gas rickshaws in the three cities.
The ETC developed and delivered a 3-day course on oil spills to government officials in Karachi,
Pakistan. In addition, several on-site visits were conducted to provide advice on past and present
In July 2001, a scientist from the Analysis and Air Quality Division (AAQD) was part of the
Canadian team that participated in a seminar on air quality for the City of Lima-Callau in
Peru. His presentation was on QA/QC in the NAPS Network.
15.15 South Pacific
The ETC provided on-site orientation to nations of the South Pacific on oil behaviour and
spill response in the coastal environment. This was a part of the CIDA-Canada-South Pacific
Ocean Development Programme (C-SPOD).
In conjunction with the University de Vigo in Spain, a potential of capillary electrochromatography
(CE) for the analysis of Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning toxins was investigated. A researcher and a
graduate student from Spain visited the ETC in May 2000 and June 2001 respectively, and in exchange,
a scientist from the Analysis and Air Quality Division (AAQD) presented a lecture on CE in the
environmental field at the University de Vigo in May 2001.
15.17 Visiting Foreign Delegations to the ETC
- May 3, 2000: Delegation from Sri Lanka Division, Nepal, India (CIDA)
- June 26, 2000: Delegation from Chile
- July 4, 2000: Delegation from China, involved in Climate change/Air pollution technology (CIDA)
- July 28, 2000: Delegation from Egypt
- August 10, 2000: Delegation from Sinotech, Taiwan
- September 11, 2000: Delegation from China
- September 29, 2000: Delegation from China
- October 3, 2000: Delegation from India
- October 16, 2000: Delegation from the Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan
- December 12, 2000: Delegation from the Jiangsu Province, China
- March 26, 2001: Delegation from the Association of Latin America and Caribbean Oil Companies (ARPEL)
- April 3, 2001: Visitors from Pakistan
- June 4, 2001: Delegation from India
- July 19, 2001: Delegation from Taiwan
- July 20, 2001: Delegation from India
- August 2, 2001: Delegation from the Department of Marine Environment and Engineering, Taiwan
- August 16, 2001: Delegation from China
- September 13, 2001: Delegation from Pakistan
- September 21, 2001: Visit from the Inter-American Development Bank
- October 16, 2001: Visit from the US Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association (MVMA)
- October 18, 2001: Delegation from Pakistan
- October 25, 2001: Delegation from Hong Kong
- November 27, 2001: Delegation from the City of Buenos Aires
- February 18, 2002: Delegation from Pakistan
- March 7, 2002: Delegation from Singapore
- March 18, 2002: Delegation from Bangladesh
- March 18, 2002: Delegation from the Confederation of Indian Industry (1st group)
- March 21, 2002: Delegation from the Confederation of Indian Industry (2nd group)